Location: Africa
Capital: Cairo
Area: 1 010 408 km2
Population: 111 247 248
Official languages: Arabic
Other spoken languages:  Egyptian Arabic, Sa’idi Arabic, Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic, Sudanese Arabic, Domari and more; foreign languages: English, French, German, and Italian
Ethnic groups: Egyptians (Egyptian Arabs)
Currency: EGP (Egyptian Pound) (1 USD = 47.95 EGP; 1 EUR = 51.64 EGP)
Basic facts: Unitary semi-presidential republic, authoritatian regime.

Travel tips:
1. Egypt is known as one of the oldest civilizations in the world, mostly famous for its Ancient Egypt Kingdom.
2. The main symbol of Egypt is Nile River, and the civilization of the country is concentrated along the river and its delta. The rest of the country is a very sparsely populated desert.
3. A part of Egypt is located in Asia (Eurasia)- it is the Sinai Peninsula.
4. The other popular tourist area is the seacoast of the Red Sea, offering perfect beaches and diving destinations.
5. The descendants of the Ancient Egyptian are here today. They are the Coptic Egyptians and they are mostly Christians.

10 best destinations in Egypt:

  • Cairo: The capital and the largest city in Egypt, the traditional starting point for exploring the country.
  • Nile Delta: Here is the outlet of the Nile River, a fertile land with a lot of ancient historical sites.
  • Alexandria: One of the large cities in Egypt, mostly known for the Library and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. Although today these sites are destroyed, there is a lot of other historical remains worth visiting.
  • Sinai Peninsula: This is the Asian part of Egypt, locked between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba, known for its history and the Red Sea resorts.
  • Hurghada and the Red Sea Coast: This is the most popular area for those who want to enjoy the beauty of the Red Sea, its diving sites, its marine wildlife and its crystal clear waters.
  • The Pyramids of Ghiza: There are many pyramids in Egypt, remnants from the Ancient Egypt Kingdom, and the three pyramids of Ghiza are the largest and the most famous ones, along with the Great Sphinx.
  • Luxor: This is the main historical center of the Upper (Southern) Egypt, representing mostly archaeological remnants from the Middle and New Egypt Kingdom.
  • Aswan: This is the southernmost historical destination of Egypt, known as the “Gate to Africa”.
  • Siwa Oasis: This is a Berber oasis, located in the west, far from Nile, and deep into the Sahara Desert, presenting a unique local culture and ancient history.
  • Mediterranean Coast: Here is the less popular seacoast of Egypt. It offers nice beaches with not too many tourists since most of them are aiming at the Red Sea.
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