TURKEYLocation: West Asia-Middle East
Capital: Ankara
Area: 783 356 km2
Population: 84 680 273
Official language: Turkish
Other spoken languages: Kurdish, Zaza, Circasian, Arabic, Laz
Ethnic groups: Turks, Kurds, Arabs, Armenians, Romani (Gypsies), Circassians, Azerbaijani, etc.
Currency: TRY (Turkish Lira) (1 USD = 17,95 TRY; 1 EUR = 18,28 TRY)
Basic facts: Unitary presidential constitutional republic

Travel tips:
1. Turkey is a large transcontinental country with a geographical and cultural location like a bridge between Europe and Asia.
2. Turkey occupies mainly Minor Asia and the lands east of it, as well as a small portion of the Balkans, with a highly diverse nature- from subtropical to continental mountainous climatic zones.
3. Mount Ararat (5137 m) is the highest point in Turkey. It is a non-active volcano. Besides it, there are other non-active volcanoes like Mount Erciyes and more.
4. Some of the most beautiful lakes in Asia are located in Turkey. Among them, the most notable are Van Lake, Tuz Gölü, and Salda Lake.
5. Turkey has thousands of years of history, with some of the richest remains from the Hellenic and ancient Roman culture, today inherited by the Turks.

10 best destinations in Indonesia:

  • Istanbul: The largest city in Turkey and one of the largest in the world, former capital of the Byzantine and the Ottoman empires, located between Europe and Asia, divided by the Strait of Bosphorus, full of history, culture, and modern life.
  • Ankara: The capital of Turkey and the second largest city in the country, located in the northwestern part of Anatolia, in the Galatian lands.
  • Izmir: The third largest city in Turkey and the largest one on the Aegean Seacoast, a city with ancient history, starting point for exploring the Aegean Turkey.
  • Ancient Aegean cities: There are many ancient cities dated from the Bronze Age and flourished during the Hellenic and Roman times. Most of them are mentioned in the Bible. The most significant ones are Ephesus, Smyrna (Izmir), Pergamon, Laodicea, Troy, and Miletus.
  • Tuz Gölü: One of the largest hypersaline lakes in the world with breathtaking landscapes.
  • Antalya and the Mediterranean coast: Antalya is one of the largest cities in Turkey, full of ancient history, one of the starting points to explore the other places in the Mediterranean coast- Bodrum, Marmaris, Fethiye, Alanya, Silifke, and more.
  • Cappadocia: One of the most popular places in Turkey and in the world, famous for unique Earth formations and ancient history, being best explored by air baloon.
  • Van Lake: The largest and the deepest lake in Turkey, revealing a lot of ancient history and amazing mountainous landscapes.
  • Trabzon: One of the largest cities at the Turkish Black Sea coast with ancient history, being the capital of the medieval Trebizond Empire.
  • Mount Ararat: The highest mountain in Turkey, a former volcano, famous as a location of the Noah’s Arc, today a challenging hiking destination.
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