Location: South Asia
Capital: Kathmandu
Area: 147 516 km2
Population: 28 095 714
Official languages: Nepali
Other spoken languages: Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Bajjika, Magar, Dotyali, Urdu, Awadhi, Sherpa, and other Indo-Aryan and Sino-Tibetan languages. 
Ethnic groups: Chhetri, Bahun, Magar, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Musalman, Yadav, Rai, Gurung, Limbu, Sherpa, and others.
Currency: NPR (Nepalese Rupee) (1 USD = 124.63 NPR; 1 EUR = 129.50 NPR)
Basic facts: Federal Parliamentary Republic.

Travel tips:
1. Nepal is best known as the home of the Himalayas and Mt. Everest- the highest mountain on the Earth.
2. The deepest gorge on the Earth is in Nepal, between the mountains of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna.
3. Nine of the 8000-ers on the Earth are located in Nepal- some of them at the border with China, and some- entirely within the teritorry of Nepal.
4. Nepal has a great vertical-layered natural diversity- from tropical jungles to polar-type glaciers, from below 200 m to 8848 m above sea level.
5. Nepal has a great cultural diversity too, since it is located in the transitional zone between the Indian and the Tibetan civilizations..

10 best destinations in Nepal:

  • Kathmandu: The capital and the largest city in Nepal, full of culture and history, starting point for many expeditions in the Himalayas.
  • Pokhara: One of the most beautiful towns in Nepal, located in a picturesque landscape, full of opportunities for adventures nearby.
  • Sagarmatha-Mt. Everest: The most popular region in Nepal- the highest mountain on the Earth (8848 m), surrounded by many other high peaks, famous also for the Everest Base Camp trek and the Sherpa ethnic group.
  • Dhaulagiri and Annapurna: Two giant mountains, both 8000-ers, separated by the valley of Kali Gandaki River- the deepest gorge in the world. The two mountains are popular for their circuit treks- these are some of the best trekking places in Nepal and in the whole world.
  • Kanchenjunga: A less visited, off the beaten area around the Mt Kanchenjunga (8586 m)- the third highest peak on the Earth. 
  • Mustang: A district in Northern Nepal, where the Great Tibetan Plateau begins, until recently a forbidden kingdom with well-preserved Tibetan culture. 
  • Bardiya National Park: A large area with virgin tropical rainforests in the Western Lower Terai, the best area where you can see the nature of the Nepal’s lowlands and lower hills.
  • Chitwan National Park: Another wild forest area in the lower hills of Nepal, the best place for observing the Nepal’s wildlife- tigers, leopards, elephants, etc.
  • Gaurishankar: A mountain in the Himalayas with two prominent peaks- Gauri and Shankar. The area is famous for the breathtaking landscapes and opportunities for adventures.
  • Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reseve: The largest grassland on the Western Terai, famous for its wildlife, presenting the largest population of swamp deer in Asia, as well as many other animals.
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