Location: South Asia
Capital: Kathmandu
Area: 147 516 km2
Population: 28 095 714
Official languages: Nepali
Other spoken languages: Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Bajjika, Magar, Dotyali, Urdu, Awadhi, Sherpa, and other Indo-Aryan and Sino-Tibetan languages. 
Ethnic groups: Chhetri, Bahun, Magar, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Musalman, Yadav, Rai, Gurung, Limbu, Sherpa, and others.
Currency: NPR (Nepalese Rupee) (1 USD = 124.63 NPR; 1 EUR = 129.50 NPR)
Basic facts: Federal Parliamentary Republic.

Travel tips:
1. Nepal is best known as the home of the Himalayas and Mt. Everest- the highest mountain on the Earth.
2. The deepest gorge on the Earth is in Nepal, between the mountains of Dhaulagiri and Annapurna.
3. Nine of the 8000-ers on the Earth are located in Nepal- some of them at the border with China, and some- entirely within the teritorry of Nepal.
4. Nepal has a great vertical-layered natural diversity- from tropical jungles to polar-type glaciers, from below 200 m to 8848 m above sea level.
5. Nepal has a great cultural diversity too, since it is located in the transitional zone between the Indian and the Tibetan civilizations..

10 best destinations in Nepal:

  • Kathmandu: The capital and the largest city in Nepal, full of culture and history, starting point for many expeditions in the Himalayas.
  • Pokhara: One of the most beautiful towns in Nepal, located in a picturesque landscape, full of opportunities for adventures nearby.
  • Sagarmatha-Mt. Everest: The most popular region in Nepal- the highest mountain on the Earth (8848 m), surrounded by many other high peaks, famous also for the Everest Base Camp trek and the Sherpa ethnic group. This trek is considered one of the best treks in Nepal.
  • Dhaulagiri and Annapurna: Two giant mountains, both 8000-ers, separated by the valley of Kali Gandaki River- the deepest gorge in the world. The two mountains are popular for their circuit treks- these are some of the best trekking places in Nepal and in the whole world.
  • Kanchenjunga: A less visited, off the beaten area around the Mt Kanchenjunga (8586 m)- the third highest peak on the Earth. 
  • Mustang: A district in Northern Nepal, where the Great Tibetan Plateau begins, until recently a forbidden kingdom with well-preserved Tibetan culture. 
  • Bardiya National Park: A large area with virgin tropical rainforests in the Western Lower Terai, the best area where you can see the nature of the Nepal’s lowlands and lower hills.
  • Chitwan National Park: Another wild forest area in the lower hills of Nepal, the best place for observing the Nepal’s wildlife- tigers, leopards, elephants, etc.
  • Gaurishankar: A mountain in the Himalayas with two prominent peaks- Gauri and Shankar. The area is famous for the breathtaking landscapes and opportunities for adventures.
  • Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reseve: The largest grassland on the Western Terai, famous for its wildlife, presenting the largest population of swamp deer in Asia, as well as many other animals.
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