CanadaLocation: North America

Capital: Ottawa

Area: 9 984 670 km2

Population: 38 436 440

Official languages: English and French

Other spoken languages: Inuktitut, other indigenous languages, and immigrant’s languages.

Ethnic groups: English and French speaking Canadians, Inuits, Native Americans, immigrants from Asia (mainly Chinese), and Latin America

Currency: CAD (1 USD = 1,27 CAD; 1 EUR = 1,44 CAD)

Basic facts: Canada is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Its monarch is the monarch of the United Kingdom.

Travel tips:

  • Canada is the second largest country in the world, located between the Pacific, the Arctic, and the Atlantic oceans.
  • The northernmost part of Canada consists of the Canadian Archipelago, one of the largest in the world, almost uninhabited.
  • About four fifths of the Canadian population lives within a 150 km narrow strip north of the border with the USA, the rest is scattered in the vast territory north of this strip.
  • Canada has the longest coastline in the world.
  • More than a half of the lakes on the Earth are located in Canada.

10 best destinations and routes in Canada:

Toronto: The largest city in Canada, a metropolis with 6 million population.

Montreal: The second largest city in Canada, and the second largest French speaking city in the world after Paris.

Vancouver: The largest Canadian city at the Pacific coast, one of the starting points for travelling to the Rocky Mountains.

Calgary City, Banff and Jasper National Parks: One of the most attractive mountain areas in North America, featuring the best of the Canadian Rockies.

Newfoundland: An island, the easternmost piece of Canadian land, with beautiful forests, lakes, and fjords.

Yukon: A northwestern territory, located east of Alaska, featuring fantastic boreal and polar nature.

Winnipeg and the Canadian Prairies: Winnipeg is the capital of Manitoba Province, located at the edge of a grassland area, called Canadian Prairies.

Labrador Peninsula: One of the largest peninsulas on the Earth, very sparcely populated, featuring boreal forests, tundra and a lot of lakes.

Continental Nunavut: A very sparcely populated area, covered mainly by tundra, with mostly Inuit population.

Canadian Archipelago: One of the largest archipelagos on the Earth, where some of the northernmost pieces of land are located. It is almost uninhabited, covered mainly by Arctic tundra and glaciers.

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